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Enharmonic Equivalents

Every musical pitch has more than one name. The name that we use to define a pitch is determined by the scale or the key that the music is being played in. Different names that are used to define the same pitch are called enharmonic equivalents.

Here are examples of enharmonic equivalents using sharps and flats:

C sharp = D flat
D sharp = E flat
F sharp = G flat
G sharp = A flat
A sharp = B flat

These enharmonic equivalents can be seen easily by looking at a piano keyboard. You can also see the enharmonic equivalents on the clarinet by viewing the fingering chart.

Natural notes that do not have a sharp or flat in their names (the white keys on a piano) have enharmonic equivalents, too.

C = B sharp
F = E sharp
E = F flat
B = C flat

Natural notes other than the ones listed above have enharmonic equivalents with notes that use double flats and double sharps. These notes are not common, but they do occur in music.

C = D double flat
D = E double flat
F = G double flat
G = A double flat
A = B double flat

B = A double sharp
D = C double sharp
E = D double sharp
G = F double sharp
A = G double sharp

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Learn all about rhythm and improve your sight reading. Rhythm-In-Music.com is an interactive website that teaches all of the fundamental aspects of rhythm, covering beat, tempo, meter, time-signature, and all note values. It accompanies the book The Fundamentals of Rhythm, by Kyle Coughlin, featuring over 450 different rhythm patterns for practice.